Jute, Corchorus capsularis, Corchorus olitorius, Ihlamurgiller (Tiliaceae) Growing in tropical regions, 2-4 m. One year old fiber plant. Homeland is East India. Textile is grown to obtain fiber. The jute plant is often referred to as the “Golden Fleece” because of its natural shine even after it has been processed. Jute is an easy to work with anti-static quality feature. Due to weather conditions, the Ganges River shores are the ideal jute growth area. The jute used in trade is obtained from two plants: one is Corchorus capsularis, known as white jute, and the other is softer and stronger species Corchorus olitorius. These plants reach 2-4 meters in size within a year. Of course it grows in India. China and Malaysia. The Colitorius genus has also been recognized and cultivated in the Mediterranean countries. Its access to America dates back to the 1870s. It is produced in the states of Texas and South Carolina in America. Jute products easily dissolve in the soil and enrich the soil with the organic structure. When it is lit, it is not toxic to fumes and does not leave any residue. Almost all of the world’s jute production belongs to India and Pakistan. The reason why the production is too much here is that the workmanship is very cheap. Jute gathering is very difficult. The plant becomes adult in three months. When the flower opens, it needs to be collected. The crop that coincides with the seeding period is heavy, but the fibers are thickened and hardened. The collected jute plant is piled into the pools. The pools are covered with forest plants, even animal feces. In this dirty and stuffy water, the jute shells rot.
In the junk body, the fiber cells are in bundles. The production of jute fiber is done by the method of digestion. At the end of the digestion, the bundles of fiber are peeled off by hand from the body. The length of the fibers is 18-25 cm. The fibers are removed from the shells and dried by drying. When first obtained, the light yellow fibers turn to light brown over time. The subsequent operations are continued with the machines in the factory. Cotton yarn is cleaned by passing through the combs as it is in the production, completely separated into fibers, wrapped in ropes as bobbins. The thickness of the rope varies according to the max. Shells and fibers are used. The preciousness of Jute’s textile industry is that its fibers are very thin. It is also economical and economical because it is cultivated very cheaply. Flexibility is low, durability is lower than linen and hemp, a large part of jute fiber is used in making rope, sack, rope, twine and cover fabrics. Produced with fibers obtained from jute plant and attracting attention with recycled environmentalist features, these are the rising values today. Jute fiber production in Bangladesh, India and Pakistan; Brazil follows Taiwan.